Sardinia, with its 24.089 km ²
is the second largest island in the Mediterranean. The island lies west of the Italian peninsula just south of Corsica in the nearly 4,000 meter deep Tyrrhenian Sea. Sardinia's landscape is most of all hilly and mountainous. In the middle of the island is the highest massif Monti del Gennargentu whose top is 1,834 m. high. Another very interesting mountain range is the Supramonte in the centre.
Sardinia is a palce with many centinarians
Clean environment, healthy food, olive oil and red wine, all factors that are present on Sardinia. The Sardinians traditionally cultivate and prepare most of their own food and doing so also get some physical excercise. Having dinner with the family is still a very important social happening here. Staying in an agriturismo or farm stay is an excellent way of getting acquainted with the Sardinian life style.
Sardinia has a mild climate.
There are not that great fluctuations in temperatures, but more than in the tropics. The island has winter rain, which means that in the months between November and February rainfall is relatively much and can be very intensive. Most rain falls in the mountains that are often snow covered during a certain portion of the winter. Rainfall can be between 1000-1500 mm in the mountains and less than 600 mm in the lower regions. The average temperature in the highlands is 28 ° -30 ° in July, while they are at 22 ° -24 ° at the coasts. In January temperatures are 6 ° -8 ° in the mountains and warmest is the island's southern part with 10-12 °. The prevailing wind is the mistral, which hits the island from the northwest.
Sardinia is covered by maquis and forest.
The maquis is a low, thicket-like and evergreen vegetation, which is mainly located in the Mediterranean. It's composed of thick-skinned and rigid plants that can withstand the hot summers. Sardinia has many interesting endemic plant species that are flowering throughout the spring. The most interesting animal is the so called muflone, a wild mountain sheep that can be found in large numbers in the mountainous regions. There are also many olive trees on Sardinia.
Sardinia's history goes back very far.
Approx. 150,000 years, and the earliest traces of people date from around 20,000 years BC and were found in the cave called Corbeddu-Sondaar in the Lanaitto Valley. The most famous and still mysterious prehistoric period is the time of the Nuraghe, which are round buildings made of rough stones stacked without mortar, and in of which today there are still approx. 7-8000 of the whole island. The Nuraghic culture , which had no written language, lasted from ca. 2,000 to 600 BC, but in the mountains in the middle of the island continued until the Romans conquered the island in 227 BC. Also from this period many sacred wells, houses and giant's tombs, respectively Pozzi Sacri, villagi nuraghici and Tombe dei Giganti can be visited.
Sardinia has about 1,7 million people
that are unevenly distributed between rural and urban areas, and between the soft hills and the mountainous landscape. The Sardinians hang on tightly to their culture, Easter and Carnaval are very important culturale events, and especially in the smaller towns many people wear the traditional dress for these events.